In Decisive, the authors (Heath Brothers) observe that people often approach problems from two radically different mindsets: “promotion” and “prevention”.
The mindset one adopts can bias the way solutions are considered and selected.
A optimistic, promotion-oriented mindset “pursues what’s good”. It’s expansive and “generative”.
A pessimistic, iented mindet tries to avoid what’s bad. It’s conservative and constrictive.
For example, the aothors cite different companies strategies during a recession.
Promotion-minded companies continue business as usual. Sometimes that works and maintains a base for post-recession growth.
Prevention-minded companies adopt aggressive cost-cutting and reign in investment. Usually works short-run but may leave a company unprepared ntual turnaround.
The authors recommend “toggling” between the mindsets … thinking “and not or” … cutting waste and boosting productivity, but continuing to invest selectively for growth.
Takeaway: When making any decision, ask “what’s my mindset?” and toggle between optimistic and pessimistic to hit a proper balanced perspective.